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Created on: 2016-02-29 00:00:00
Last update: 2019-07-01 12:17:48 BankTrack
Greig Aitken, Coal campaigner, BankTrack
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About Punta Catalina-Hatillo coal power plant
Punta Catalina Power Central, also known as the Hatillo power station, is a 770 megawatt coal-fired power plant under construction in Punta Catalina-Hatillo, Azua in the Dominican Republic. The initially estimated costs were USD 2 billion, and the project is initiated by the CDEEE (the Dominican Corporation of State Electricity Companies) and comprises two coal-fired plants. It will include the construction of a coal-receiving terminal for self-unloading Panamax vessels, with a maximum capacity of 80,000t, plus support facilities including a dome, conveyors, cooling and water treatment systems and an electricity substation.
In August 2014, the Dominican environment ministry Mimarena granted final environmental approval to the Punta Catalina project. Construction started in 2015 and had been planned to be finished in the first quarter of 2017. Construction delays have pushed the completion date back to the end of 2018.
The construction work for the Punta Catalina coal-fired power plants is being carried out by the Brazilian company Odebrecht. The project was originally supposed to be financed by the Brazilian Development Bank (BNDES), but the loan, approved by the Dominican congress in December 2014, never materialised. The Dominican government used its own funds to begin the construction of the plants.
In 2015, five European banks (Deutsche Bank, ING, Société Générale, Santander and UniCredit) committed to provide a total of USD 632.5 million in project financing. To date, approximately half of this total has been disbursed by the banks, but they have frozen the remaining portion of financing due to a major corruption scandal involving Odebrecht.
In July 2018, ING notified civil society that it had sold its participation in Punta Catalina to an undisclosed buyer; the bank explained the sale as being part of its coal policy pledge to phase out its lending to individual coal-fired power plants by 2025.
What must happen
The financial institutions involved should not condone the corrupt practices of the plant's main construction company, Odebrecht, and should therefore exit from the project.
Water access issues In a meeting at Bani City Hall in October 2014, the National Committee to Fight Climate Change criticised the government’s negligent approach to the province’s demands. They said the population lacks drinking water and irrigation, despite increased dam levels, and, instead of rationalizing it, diverts it all to the city of Santo Domingo.
Representatives complained that without irrigation they cannot plant onions. They also complained that under the pretext of solving power blackouts, the pollution from the coal-fired plants will pose a threat to people’s health, the environment, farming and livestock in the province.
Corruption The bidding process by which the Brazilian Odebrecht company was chosen to construct the plant was highly questionable and has been widely criticised. It is alleged that the project is overvalued by between USD 500 million and USD 1 billion, and that the money obtained in this way has been used to finance the re-election campaign of the president of the Republic, Danilo Medina. The Dominican justice system has been facing a crisis of credibility, with protests demanding the resignation of all the island state's high court judges. This major infrastructure project stands out as an emblematic case of high level corruption that continues to go unpunished.
A January 2016 article in the Dominican Today newspaper also covered these corruption allegations: "Prominent attorney Namphi Rodriguez warned Tuesday that the so-called 'hidden contract' to build two coal-fired power plants violates the Constitution and the Public Procurement Law, because it was an attempt to turn a power of attorney from president Danilo Medina into an authorization, ignoring the principles of transparency, objectivity, equality and publicity."
In late December 2016 the extent of Odebrecht's bribery activities were confirmed in a US court action where, as part of a plea bargain, the company admitted to paying officials to help secure lucrative construction contracts in 12 countries, including in Dominican Republic. An investigation into Odebrecht corruption in Dominican Republic was swiftly set up to consider the $92 million in bribes which it admitted to having paid out to intermediaries and Dominican officials in the period between 2001 to 2014.
With the confirmation of these long-suspected scandals, Dominican environmental group National Committee against Climate Change has called on the island state's purchasing and procurement agency to cancel the contract for the Punta Catalina coal-fired power plant with Odebrecht, and permanently disqualify it as a State contractor. The Committee's appeal to the General Directorate of Public Contracts is based on Dominican Republic's Law 340-06 which holds that if procurement-related bribes are confirmed then bidding processes must be canceled and any executed contracts are to be terminated. The same law also requires the disqualification of companies which have performed bribes, which have committed this offence in other cases or which have executives with convictions for corruption.
In June 2017, the office of the Attorney General of the Dominican Republic released a statement asserting that no bribery had taken place during the Punta Catalina tender process, but rather bribery had played a role in the securing of the legislative approval for the project’s financing: that is, Odebrecht paid bribes to two legislators in the National Congress in order to ensure the approval of financing for Punta Catalina. The USD 1.2 billion financing in question was to come from the Brazilian Development Bank and the consortium of European banks. Testimony from Marco Vasconcelos Cruz, the former CEO of Odebrecht in the Dominican Republic, has also acknowledged that a Dominican senator and a deputy were paid bribes to ensure the approval of the financing for Punta Catalina.
The Punta Catalina and the adjacent Santa Catalina power plants are expected to produce 174,000 tons of ash and 14,000 tons of slag per year as waste from burning coal, as well as 30 tons of nitrogen dioxide and 30 tons of sulphur dioxide every day that will be pumped into the atmosphere, and numerous heavy metal micro-particles. On top of this, the Punta Catalina coal plant is expected to emit 5-8 million tons of CO2 every year.
According to Sourcewatch, in December 2015 local organisations and individuals filed for an injunction in the Superior Administrative Court to halt the construction of both Punta Catalina Power Central and Santa Catalina Power Central. They said that the plants violate Environment and Natural Resources Law 64-00 which stipulates that any project that affects adjacent areas must first have an environmental license.
The project threatens to violate the basic human right to health and a healthy environment, in particular for people living in the area close to the project. The issue is all the more problematic because of the lack of clear information and assessment of the potential hazards that a coal plant project involves.
Applicable norms and standards
Group digs up more dirt on Dominican Republic coal-fired plants
According to Dominican Today: The National Committee to Combat Climate Change (CNLCC) on Friday said Dominican Republic State-owned electric utility’s (CDEEE) classification of documents on the coal-fired plants being built at Punta Catalina seeks to permanently hide the decisions by project officials from public scrutiny and from those who demand transparency.
2,000 workers laid off
The CEO of CDEEE, Ruben Bichara, stated that construction contractors have laid off as many as 2,000 workers at the project, with work reduced by 98 percent. Bichara promised that new funding would materialize in a few weeks.
Dominican Today stated: prominent attorney Namphi Rodriguez warned that the so-called "hidden contract" to build two coal-fired power plants violates the Constitution and the Public Procurement Law, because it was an attempt to turn a power of attorney from president Danilo Medina into an authorization, ignoring the principles of transparency, objectivity, equality and publicity.
European banks disburse 200 million US$
A pool of European banks disbursed US$ 200 million in construction funds. According to Ruben Jimenez, the chief executive officer of CDEEE, the US$200 million is the first dispersement of a total US$ 632.5 million.
The National Anti-Climate Change Committee on Wednesday announced the first protest against the construction of the coal-fired plants at Punta Catalina, Bani (south), as part of the Global March Against Climate Change to take place around the world that day.
CDEEE receives license
CDEEE received the final environmental license for the construction of the Punta Catalina coal-fired power plant.
Contract is awarded
Contract is awarded to a consortium of Norberto Odebrecht, Tecnimont and Enginiera Estrella.
On December 30, 2015, a consortium of European banks disbursed USD 200 million in construction funds. According to Ruben Jimenez, the chief executive officer of CDEEE, the USD 200 million was the first disbursement of a total USD 632.5 million. In October 2016, a further tranche of USD 53.8 million was released by the banks.
Further disbursements from the consortium of European banks are unknown, though it emerged in spring 2017 that the banks involved had suspended disbursement of project finance while a corruption investigation related to the project promoter Odebrecht is ongoing. As of March 2018, the Lenders notified NGOs that they were awaiting the conclusion of the corruption investigation before deciding on potential further steps.
In August 2018 ING sold its share of the Punta-Catalina coal power plant (source Eerlijke Bankwijzer).
export credit agencies
Santander move on coal finance welcome but ‘far from enough’ to address its climate impacts, say groups
Operation Car Wash and a coal plant in the Dominican Republic – anti-corruption protestors are not giving up
Scandalo Lava Jato, Santo Domingo si ribella contro la corruzione. E c'entra anche l'Italia
Coal-black image: Why does Deutsche Bank continue to run a consortium to finance two coal-fired power stations in Latin America? [German]
Punta Catalina perdería el financiamiento europeo que le resta para su terminación
Punta Catalina – the coal plant project that keeps on giving … a headache to European banks
Bancos europeos retiran financiamiento a Punta Catalina hasta tanto culmine investigación Odebrecht
Campaigners to call for Deutsche Bank exit from Dominican coal plant at annual meeting
- Massive bribery allegations against plant construction company Odebrecht