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The results are in, courtesy of the Fossil Fuel Finance Report Card published last week, on how the world’s biggest private banks are tooling up (or not) to tackle climate change. While there are clear signs of improvement in many of the banks’ policy coverage, most notably on coal, overall the picture remains bleak and highly concerning.
For ‘Banking on Climate Change’ – the eighth annual report card – BankTrack and our partners Rainforest Action Network (RAN), Oil Change International and Sierra Club have expanded the grading coverage of fossil fuel policies to 37 banks from across Europe, the United States, Canada, Japan, China and Australia. The publication is packed with new data, and RAN’s online presentation of some of the stand-out material is highly recommended for a quick, accessible browse.
But one of the most telling aspects of the data crunching is this regional breakdown of average grades across sectors.
|Average grade for coal mining||Average grade for coal power||Average grade for LNG export||Average grade for extreme oil||Average grade across all extreme fossil fuels|
|Australia||F / D-||D- / D||F||F / D-||F / D-|
|Europe||C / C+||C / C+||F / D-||D- / D||D+ / C|
|Canada||D- / D||F / D-||F / D-||F / D-||F / D-|
|United States||C+ / B-||C- / C||D- / D||D / D+||D+ / C|
|All 37 banks||D+ / C||D / D+||F / D-||F / D-||D- / D|
What we’re seeing most starkly is the growing chasm between European and US banks on the one hand, and the rest of the world on the other, with tightening coal policies at the former institutions driving this phenomenon.
Chinese banks continue to be unengaged, but the five ‘F’ ratings of the big three Japanese banks – Mitsubishi, Mizuho and Sumitomo Mitsui – is startling, and unfortunately in keeping with what we’re regularly seeing now at the coal project level in southeast Asia. As our colleagues at Greenpeace and Sierra Club have pointed out recently, with its plans to build 49 coal plants, “today, the biggest investor in coal is a country not many would expect – Japan”. And Japan's banks are still intent on sowing climate chaos and public health problems across borders.
A disturbing, under the hood trend, however, concerns gross volumes of coal power financing. Despite various tangible moves to rein in coal power financing by western banks over the last couple of years, for the banks reviewed we’ve seen year-on-year coal power finance increases over the last three years when taken as a whole:
- $21.11 billion in 2014
- $23.25 billion in 2015
- $30.25 billion in 2016.
More widely, with the report card’s breakdown of individual and total figures for extreme fossil fuel financing between 2014 and 2016, there is better news: the $87 billion total identified for 2016, the first full calendar year to be studied since the signing of the Paris Climate Agreement, represents a 22 percent drop from the previous year.
But the bottom line remains that from all 37 banks, between 2014 and 2016, $290 billion of direct and indirect financing was doled out for extreme fossil fuels – that is, huge levels of new investment in the exact subsectors whose expansion is most at odds with reaching climate targets, respecting human rights and preserving ecosystems.
Moreover, immediately following the Paris Agreement, in 2016, almost one third of the banks we assessed did in fact increase their financing to the top extreme fossil fuel companies – and, significantly, this is far from being an Asian bank dominated list of shame:
- Australia and New Zealand Banking Group (ANZ)
- Bank of America
- Bank of Montreal
- China Construction Bank
- JPMorgan Chase
- Mizuho Financial Group
- Toronto-Dominion Bank (TD)
This shocking finding is part explained by the scant policy coverage at the majority of banks where extreme oil and LNG export financing is concerned, as we’ve once again identified this year. In the context of the current pipeline boom captured in the report card’s case studies, and the growing risk that the Dakota Access debacle will be repeated, banks’ lack of a policy approach here is nothing short of alarming.
We’ll be returning to some other facets of the report card on this blog in the coming weeks. It really is crammed with rich (albeit grim) data, analysis and collaborative testimony from civil society partners all over the world, which we’ll flesh out further in a series of upcoming posts. For a further quick flavour, though, do also check out the Guardian’s coverage of the Report Card launch.