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Disclaimer: Since this research was conducted in 2010, this report no longer adequately presents the current state of affairs at the banks listed in the report

Close the Gap is the name of a research conducted by BankTrack in 2010 to evaluate to what extent banks have incorporated sustainability criteria into their lending and investment policies. To assess this, BankTrack evaluated the policies of 49 banks from 17 countries for seven key business sectors and on nine sustainability issues. In addition, the project reviewed the performance of banks on transparency and accountability.

Since 2010, 14 more banks have been added to the existing list of banks. This brings the total number of scores banks to 63.

All policies are scored on a scale from 0 to 5, with 5 being the highest score. Below you find the pages for each sector and on each issue. Each page shows:

  1. Why banks must have a policy for this sector or issue
  2. What should be included in a good bank policy for the sector or issue, based on what BankTrack considers 'best practice'
  3. The scores of all 49 banks, plus an explanation of the rationale of the scoring system

You can find the score for each bank in the section 'banks' in the menu above (orange button).

You can download the Close the Gap report here

issues

Biodiversity
Climate change
Corruption
Human rights
Indigenous peoples
Labour
Operation in conflict zones
Taxation
Toxics

sectors

Agriculture
Fisheries
Forestry, Pulp and Paper
Military industry and arms trade
Mining
Oil and gas
Power generation
ABN AMRO
ABN AMRO Bank N.V. is a Dutch state-owned bank with headquarters in Amsterdam. It was re-established, in its current form, in 2009 following the acquisition and break up…
ANZ
The Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited commonly called ANZ, is the fourth largest bank in Australia, after the Commonwealth Bank,…
Banco Bradesco
Banco Bradesco was established in 1943 and is one of Brazil's largest private-sector bank in Brazil and Latin-America. Its consolidated assets have a worth…
Banco do Brasil
Banco do Brasil is partly state-owned, partly publicly listed at the stock exchange in Sao Paulo. Banco do Brasil was founded by then prince-regent João VI of…
Bangkok Bank
Established in 1944, Bangkok Bank is the largest commercial bank in Thailand, one of the largest regional banks in Southeast Asia. Bangkok Bank is Thailand's market…
Bank of America
Bank of America is an American multinational banking and financial services corporation and is the second largest bank holding company in the United States by assets, and…
Bank of China
Bank of China is one of China's Big Four joint-stock commercial banks. Bank of China offers commercial banking, investment banking, insurance, asset management, aircraft…
Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFG
Bank of Tokyo - Mitsubishi UFJ is the largest bank in Japan. It was established on January 1, 2006, with the merger of the Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi, Ltd. and UFJ Bank Ltd.…
Barclays
Barclays is a major global financial services provider engaged in retail and commercial banking, credit cards, investment banking, wealth management and investment management…
BBVA
Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria (BBVA), is a multinational Spanish banking group. It was formed in 1999 from a merger of Banco Bilbao Vizcaya and Argentaria. It provides financial…
Belfius
At the end of 2011 the former Dexia Group (France/Belgium/Luxembourg) went through a major restructuring. The state of Belgium became the owner of the Dexia Bank Belgium.…
BNP Paribas
BNP Paribas is one of the main banks in Europe. It was created on 23 May 2000 through the merger of Banque Nationale de Paris (BNP) and Paribas.…
China Construction Bank
China Construction Bank (CCB) is a leading commercial bank in China providing a comprehensive range of commercial banking products and services. CCB's business consists of…
Citi
Citigroup Inc., doing business as Citi, is a major American financial services company based in New York, NY. Citigroup was formed from a merger between Citicorp and financial…
Commonwealth Bank
Commonly referred to as the Commbank, the Commonwealth Bank of Australia was founded in 1911 by the Australian government and fully privatised in 1996. The Commonwealth Bank…
Crédit Agricole
The Crédit Agricole Group is a unified but decentralised group consisting of 39 Regional Banks, Crédit Agricole S.A. and many subsidiaries. It includes Crédit…
Credit Suisse
Credit Suisse Group was founded in 1856 and is headquartered in Zurich, Switzerland. It serves companies, institutional clients and high-net-worth private clients worldwide,…
Deutsche Bank
Deutsche Bank was founded in 1870 and is a leading global investment bank. It has operations throughout the world and has a strong presence in Germany and Europe. The bank´s…
Goldman Sachs
Goldman Sachs (NYSE: GS) was founded in 1869 and is a leading global financial services firm that is headquartered in New York.  It provides an array of financing…
HSBC
Headquartered in London, HSBC is one of the largest banking and financial services organisations in the world. HSBC operates from around 6,100 offices in 72 countries and…
ICBC
ICBC is a joint-stock commercial bank based in the People's Republic of China.  Founded in 1984, ICBC overtook Citi to become the world's largest bank by asset…
Industrial Bank
The Industrial Bank was founded in 1988 and was one of the first batch of joint-stock commercial banks approved by the State Council and the People's Bank of China. The Industrial…
ING
ING (an abbreviation of Internationale Nederlanden Groep) is a Netherlands based international financial services company and one of the world's largest savings banks. ING…
Intesa Sanpaolo
Intesa Sanpaolo is a banking group resulting from the merger at January 1, 2007 between Banca Intesa and Sanpaolo IMI. It has a strong international presence focused on Central-Eastern…
Itaú-Unibanco
Banco Itau took over Unibanco at November 3, 2008 to form Itaú Unibanco Holding S.A. The full integration of all operations and business shall be completed…
JP Morgan Chase
JPMorgan Chase is one of the Big Four Banks of the United States (along with Bank of America, Citigroup and Wells Fargo). The firm was formed in…
Kasikorn Bank
Kasikorn Bank, otherwise known as the Thai Farmers Bank, is the fourth largest bank in Thailand. Amongst Thailand’s commercial banks, Kasikorn Bank is a market-leader…
Mizuho
Mizuho Financial Group is one of three Japanese "megabanks" (along with Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group and Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group). The name "Mizuho" is an…
Morgan Stanley
Morgan Stanley was one of the four investment banks that for decades ruled on Wall Street (with Lehman Brothers, Merril Lynch and JPMorgan Chase). The corporation, founded…
NAB
National Australia Bank Group is one of the four biggest banks of Australia. The Group is structured around regional banking and wealth management operations and an international…
Natixis
Natixis is a French corporate and investment bank created in 2006 from the merger of the asset management and investment banking operations of Natexis Banque Populaire…
Nedbank
Nedbank Group Limited (‘Nedbank Group’) is a bank holding company that operates as one of the four largest banking groups in South Africa, with Nedbank Limited…
Nordea
The Nordea Group was established in 2000 but derives its origin from banks and insurance companies from the Nordic region from the early 19th century. Since 3 December…
Rabobank
Rabobank Group is a full-range financial services provider based in the Netherlands. It is founded on cooperative principles and as such owned by its members. The bank offers…
RBC
The Royal Bank of Canada (in French, Banque Royale du Canada, and commonly RBC in either language) is the largest financial institution in…
RBS
RBS was founded in 1727 and is one of the major UK banks. RBS has 40 million customers using the financial services of over 30 brands, including NatWest, Direct Line, Churchill,…
Santander
Grupo Santander is a banking group centered on BancoSantander, the largest bank in the euro area, which originated in Santander,Cantabria, Spain. Santander focuses activities…
Scotiabank
The Bank of Nova Scotia (commonly called Scotiabank in English and Banque Scotia in French) is the third largest bank in Canada by…
Société Générale
Société Générale ("SocGen") is one of the oldest banks in France, dating back to 1864. The original name was Société…
Standard Bank
Standard Bank is a South African-based financial services group with a global presence focused on emerging markets. It operates in 30 countries around the world, including…
Standard Chartered
Despite its British base, Standard Chartered has few customers in the United Kingdom and 90% of its profits come from Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. Its operations lie…
Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation
Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation is a subsidiary of the Sumitomo Mitsui Group. It is the second largest bank of Japan and also holds branches in the United States,…
UBS
Modern UBS was formed through a merger of the Union Bank of Switzerland and the Swiss Bank Corporation in June 1998.  UBS is headquartered in Zurich and Basel and it…
UniCredit
The UniCredit Group is the result of the merger of nine of Italy's largest banks and the subsequent combination with the German HVB Group and the Italian Capitalia Group.…
Westpac
Westpac is an Australian bank with a strategic focus on Australia, New Zealand and the near Pacific. The Westpac Group provides a broad range of banking and financial services,…
2010
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