Turów power plant is the third largest heating power plant in
Poland, and is located in Bogatynia in the Lower Silesia region, bordering
Germany and the Czech Republic. Its generating capacity is 1,694.8 MW.
The plant currently consists of seven lignite-fired
generation units. From 2014, six units will remain operational.
According to a WWF report from 2007, Turów
power plant is the biggest greenhouse gas producer in Poland, and 8th in
In March 2014, the tender to built Turow was won by Hitachi Power Europe and MHPS Europe, acting as the consortium leader with a
55.38% stake, and Budimex and Tecnicas Reunidas each holding 22.31%
Construction of the Turów plant began in 1962 and was
completed in 1971. PGE undertook a $1.6 billion modernization of the plant in
the early 1990s. In October 2010, the utility shut down Unit 8 (which was the
least modernized) and subsequently repowered Units 5 and 6 to co-incinerate
forest and agricultural biomass. PGE also launched a program that will allow
co-firing of biomass in boilers of the plant's remaining power units, 1, 2, 3,
The first tender for the investment in replacing units 8, 9
and 10 has been cancelled due to prices exceeding investor's expectations at 2.5
billion PLN gross (EUR 600 million). Among the tenderers, the lowest price has
been offered by Alstom which valued its services at 4.72 billion PLN gross. In
June 2013 PGE announced a new tender for the investment.
Another impediment was the cancellation of the environmental
permit for the investment, in August 2012. New environmental
permit was granted in October 2013. Previously, in July 2012, a coal
dust explosion at Turów power plant injured four workers and set off a fire at
three of the plant's eight units which required a team of more than 100
firefighters to extinguish.
In June 2013 Polska Grupa Energetyczna (PGE), the state-owned
company that owns the plant, announced a tender for the construction of a new
unit at Turów power plant. The deadline for submitting offers has been set for
15th October 2013. The best offer would be chosen by price (85%) and technical
indicators (15%). Investment realisation is supposed to take 56 months from the
date when work begins.
PGE was supposed
to choose the contractor by the end of February 2014. However it only did so in March.
The new block is expected to replace the three oldest energy
blocks, 8,9 and 10, which are being decommissioned. Completion of the
construction and commission of the new unit has been scheduled for 2018.
what must happen
Private banks must not finance this dodgy deal in any way.
One of the main problems encountered by those living in the
area of the plant is the bad air quality of lower Silesia region. On 21st
November 2011, the European Commission sued Poland in the European Court of
Justice for lack of progress in its implementation of the Ambient Air Quality
and Cleaner Air for Europe (CAFE) Directive (2008/50/EC), which should have been
implemented in Poland by the 11th of June 2010. The directive requires in
particular that the PM10 (larger dust particles) level does not exceed 50
miligrams/m³ more than 35 times a year. However this PM10 level is breached
with much higher frequency in many Polish metropolitan areas. Protests over
poor air quality have already led to changes in regional legislation in the
Malopolskie Voivoship (province) and its capital, Krakow.
The local health impacts from coal mining, transportation
and combustion are also a significant concern, and communities living in
proximity to these activities are experiencing adverse social impacts, such as
loss of amenities, displacement, and loss of social capital as well as facing
increased risks of respiratory disease, heart disease, and lung cancer.
In addition, burning coal causes health related problems
related to coal ash and air pollution. The plant also contributes to the region
becoming ‘locked in' to coal-based energy production for the next 40-50 years,
making the shift to a renewable energy based society all the more difficult.
coal is one of the most polluting methods of energy production. It causes
significant changes to air quality through emissions of toxic substances such
as SO2, NOx, small and large dust particles (PM10 and PM2.5) and heavy metals
such as mercury and cadmium. Coal burning is also the largest single
contributor to GHG emissions worldwide and thus has an impact on the climate of
the region and the planet. Coal mining and coal combustion also cause serious
water shortages and pollution both by modifying ground and subterranean water
flows and sewage discharges that affect river and sea flora and fauna. One of
the most serious secondary effects of pollution from coal combustion is ocean
acidification and acid rains.
Both the Polish constitution and European Union legislation
guarantee the right to live in a clean environment, and the quality of the air that
citizens breathe every day is part of that right. The local health impacts from
coal mining, transportation and combustion are also a significant concern, and
communities living in proximity to these activities experience adverse social
impacts including displacement and loss of social capital, as well as facing
increased risks of respiratory disease, heart disease, and lung cancer.
The Environmental Permitt decision has been taken to the WSA
(voivodship level administrative court - second instance) and the
outcome of the challenge by the Frank Bold Foundation is expected to be known on June 25th.
Recently an IPPC procedure has also been opened there.
Mar 19, 2014
PGE power picks PLN 3.25 bln bid by consortium with Budimex in Turow tender.
Mar 18, 2014
The first tender was
cancelled, but the
procedure for the second tender for the investment is still ongoing, since PGE has not announced the outcome
yet. The best price offer was made by chinese Shanghai Electric Group
that valued investment to 3,08 billion PLN, while PGE planned to spend
utmost 2,83 billion PLN.
Feb 20, 2014
February 2014, the Frank Bold Foundation sued the decision of
Self-Govermental Appeals board that mainteained the environmental permit
Jun 04, 2013, Premature deaths caused by Turow
The Greenpeace study "Silent Killers" estimates that 5,900 Life Years have been lost due to the pollution caused by Turow.
The reconstruction and rehabilitation of Turow, Poland's fourth largest electricity generator, lasted ten years. The power plant modernised six units. With a loan of USD 150 million, NIB was the main long-term financier of the project.
"NIB's participation made it possible for the power plant to attract commercial banks with shorter maturities for full financing of the investment programme," says Yngve Söderlund, deputy head of the region the Baltic countries and Poland at NIB.
The following companies are involved in Turów coal power plant:
Polska Grupa Energetyczna
Nuclear Electricity - The plant is owned by Polska Grupa Energetyczna (PGE). The PGE Group operates two large lignite mines and more than 40 power stations. Power stations are fueled mainly by hard coal and lignite.
The lignite mine from which Turow power plant sources its fuel in Bogatynia will likely be depleted within 30 years.
In 2012 PGE Group stated that it might consider building lignite mines and power plants in the Lubuskie region, Western Poland, in a long term perspective, as the deposits of its current mine in Bogatynia will likely be depleted within 30 years. PGE holds permits to explore lignite deposits in the region.
The cost of building two mining-energy complexes could amount to PLN 70-75 billion (EUR 16,66-17,85 billion).