This project is not yet fully funded, and is a no go for banks. It is closely tracked by BankTrack.
The various locations related to the Great Barrier Reef coal and gas projects.
Australia is on the verge of an unprecedented coal boom. The epicentre of this expansion is the yet-to-be-developed Galilee Basin in Central Queensland. Galilee is the proposed site for a series of mega mines that will cause Australia's coal exports to more than double within a decade. The creation of mega mines in Central Queensland, the accompanying export infrastructure and increases in shipping traffic, as well as the burning of the coal they produce, place an incredible burden on Australia's Great Barrier Reef.
Billions of dollars of investment has enabled a series of coal and gas projects to be built
along the Great Barrier Reef coastline. While this industrialisation is already threatening the
sustainability of the Reef, expansions of coal exports and new liquefied natural gas (LNG) processing plants would cause major environmental harm. -readmore-
The project consists of:
ABBOT POINT: In 2011, the 50 million tonne per year coal export terminal at Abbot Point was leased to Adani for 99 years.
HAY POINT/DALRYMPLE BAY: The Hay Point and Dalrymple Bay coal export terminals have a combined export capacity of almost 130 million tonnes of coal per year.
FITZROY DELTA (PROPOSED): Mitchell Ports is a leading proponent of a proposed 22 million tonne per year terminal, loading coal from Port Alma and transshipping it to bulk carriers near Curtis Island, north of Gladstone. The project was cancelled in May 2014, when the project developers failed to submit an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) within the required two-year time frame.
AUSTRALIA PACIFIC LNG: The APLNG project aims to extract and convert coal seam gas sources 500 kilometres inland in Queensland into nine million tonnes per year of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG). It is jointly owned by Origin Energy, ConocoPhillips and Sinopec. The APLNG project has started its operations in December 2015.
QCLNG: Located on Curtis Island, the QCLNG is one of four intended LNG processing plants in this part of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area. The project is owned by QCG, a subsidiary of British BG Group. It converts coal seam gas sourced from inland Queensland into LNG for export. The loan attached to this project has landed the US Export Import Bank in court over an alleged breach of the US Endangered Species Act.
GLADSTONE LNG: Santos and its joint venture partners PETRONAS, Total and KOGAS aimed to have the GNLG project online in 2015, converting coal seam gas extracted from inland Queensland into LNG at a maximum rate of ten million tonnes per year. GLNG exported its first load of LNG on 16 October 2015.
ARROW LNG (PROPOSED): Arrow Energy proposes to build a fourth LNG plant on Curtis Island and won Federal Government approval for its project in December 2013. The Arrow LNG plant would seek to produce up to 18 million tonnes of LNG per year. Shell cancelled this project in January 2015.
WIGGINS ISLAND COAL EXPORT TERMINAL: The Wiggins Island Coal Export Terminal (WICET) is an 84 million tonne per year project. It commenced in April 2015. Wiggins Island will more than double the coal export capacity through Gladstone, which is already home to the RG Tanna and Barney Point terminals.
what must happen
Banks should immediately abandon harmful coal and gas export projects in the Great Barrier Reef. Furthermore, it is critical that the state and federal governments ensure major new infrastructure developments are not approved during the assessment period. Otherwise by the time the assessment is completed, massive damage to the reef will already be locked in.
coal for energy is the single biggest fossil fuel contributor to climate change. The
increase in the volume of coal mined, exported and eventually burnt would result in billions of tonnes of carbon pollution from the Galilee Basin over the coming decades.
Great Barrier Reef. Between the fossil fuel industry and its massive expansion plans is an
Australian natural icon: the Great Barrier Reef. Coastal coal and gas
projects are already threatening its World Heritage status, but a series
of proposed new export terminals would lock in environmental disaster
for the Reef. Climate
change, ocean acidification, pollution and
shipping are all damaging the health of the reef ecosystem. Directly
contributing to and exacerbating these
threats is reckless industrialisation, driven by the unprecedented expansion of
Queensland's coal and
Land use. Coastal
habitats are a vital component of the Great Barrier Reef ecosystem. Beaches
provide nesting grounds for turtles and seabirds. Mangroves are home to a
diverse range of marine life, breeding grounds for fish and habitat for birds
and land based animals. Seagrass meadows are the nurseries of juvenile fish,
prawns, crayfish and crabs and the primary food source of dugongs and green
turtles. Coastal development has a range of consequences for the Great Barrier
Reef ecosystem. Massive swathes of wetlands and dune systems have already been
lost. Those remaining are under sustained threat from industrial development
including from infrastructure associated with the fossil fuel export boom. Water
runs into the Great Barrier Reef from a total catchment of 424,000 kilometres. The low
quality of this water, mainly resulting from excessive nutrient, sediment and pesticide
runoff from agriculture, has deleterious effects on many marine organisms. Mining
can also contribute to the problem as contaminated water from mine sites
containing heavy metals, acid-leachate, salts and sediments is frequently released
into the Great Barrier Reef catchment.
On and offshore. Development
of the proposed coal terminals located in the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage
Area will result in the destruction and disturbance of significant areas of
Queensland coastline. On land, the development will result
in coal terminals covering over 5,000 hectares:
an area equivalent to over 2,500 times the size of the Melbourne Cricket Ground. This area is only a fraction of what will be disturbed by coal train
yards, other associated infrastructure and coal wharfs. The
development of most of the proposed new coal
export terminals will require dredging to permit massive coal ships access to
the loading wharfs. Dredging destroys the seabed and can resuspend contaminants
into the water column, causing widespread impacts. For example, dredging at
Hay Point in 2007 impacted corals 12 kilometres away.
climate change and ocean acidification pose the greatest threat to the reef.
Coral is extremely sensitive to even short periods of increased sea
temperatures, resulting in coral bleaching (death). Over the past two decades a
number of major bleaching events have occurred, in two cases (1997/8 and 2002/3
approximately 50% of the reef was affected).
negative impacts of shipping on the reef include collisions, groundings,
introduction of invasive marine
pests, oil and chemical spills, introduction of anti-fouling paints, waste
disposal and anchor damage. Since
1985 an average of two major shipping incidents, such as collisions or
groundings, have occurred in the Great Barrier Reef each year. The Great Barrier Reef provides AUD5.1 billion per year to the Australian economy and sustains 50,000 jobs. (source Greenpeace: Boom Goes the Reef Report).
Dec 22, 2015, Australia approves coal port expansion near Barrier Reef
Australian government approved a controversial port expansion to support mining projects and the dredging of 1.1 million cubic metres (2.4 million cubic feet) of spoil despite fears it threatens the Great Barrier Reef. The decision, creating a huge port capable of handling up to 120 million tonnes of coal each year, comes two months after the government green-lighted an Indian-backed plan to build one of the world's biggest mines in the same area of Queensland state (source: www.phys.org).
Aug 11, 2014, Strategic Assessment Great Barrier Reef
In response to the alarm over the industrialisation of the Great Barrier
Reef, on February 18, 2012 the Queensland and Australian Governments
announced a new strategic assessment aimed at protecting the unique
environmental values of the World Heritage Area and the Great Barrier Reef
coast. The 18 month assessment was expected to be the most comprehensive ever
carried out in Australia. It was endorsed in August 2014.
The "big four" Australian banks, ANZ, Commonwealth, NAB and Westpac, have
played an integral role. Together they lended almost AU$4 billion to coal and gas
projects in the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area since 2008. Since January 2008, over AU$17 billion
has been lent to coal export ports and new LNG processing
plants along the Great Barrier Reef coastline.
Coal projects in the Great Barrier Reef
would violate the International Coral Reef Initiative, a public-private partnership
between over 60 nations (including
Australia) and organizations, which strives
to preserve coral reefs and related ecosystems
around the world. Although the initiative
is not binding on its members, the
initiative is regularly recognized by international
bodies such as the United Nations
As a UNESCO World Heritage site, the Great Barrier Reef is recognized and protected under international standards set by the World Heritage Committee. In general, coal extraction and export are known to cause a myriad of environmental problems from water pollution, coal dust and dredging; these impacts may have an irreparable effect on the Great Barrier Reef's hyper-sensitive ecosystem. The controversial proposals for fossil fuel development in the region has even prompted UNESCO to potentially recategorize the site as "In Danger" should the Australian government fail to enact protective measures.
The following companies are involved in Great Barrier Reef Coal & Gas Exports:
- profile Adani Group is an Indian conglomerate company headquartered in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. It was founded by Gautam Adani, who is the chairman of Adani Group. The core businesses of the group are commodities trading, edible oil manufacturing, Mundra port operations and distribution of natural gas. Adani Group owns more than 50 companies. Facebook.com/adaniOnline.
BHP Billiton plc
- international -
- profile BHP Billiton is the world's largest diversified natural resources company. It occupies significant positions in major commodity businesses, including aluminium, energy coal and metallurgical coal, copper, manganese, iron ore, uranium, nickel, silver and titanium minerals. It has substantial interests in oil, gas, liquefied natural gas and diamonds.
Dec 15, 2014 - "Dredging up the Reality" sets forth to raise awareness about the harmful effects of dredging and dredge spoil dumping upon aquatic and human life within the waters of the Great Barrier Reef.
Your postcards have been delivered! – Westpac AGM 2014
Dec 15, 2014 - Westpac CEO, Gail Kelly, graciously accepted the 1,000 postcards that were made her at today's Westpac AGM. But, we'll be sending her more, asking her to make Reef protection her legacy before she retires next year.
The Caley Valley Wetlands
Nov 06, 2014 - The Great Barrier Reef is a national icon. It’s a place people all over the world travel to Australia to see. It’s the world’s largest reef. Now all of this is at risk. It’s an absolute outrage that the Government would allow Indian mining giant Adani to dredge millions of cubic metres of seabed within the Great Barrier Reef marine park to make way for its coal ships. And now it gets even worse. Environmental Minister Greg Hunt has fast-tracked dredging the reef at Abbot Point and dumping the dredge spoil inside the Caley Valley wetlands without conducting a full environmental study. In 2013 a Greenpeace camera crew captured the beauty of the threatened Caley Valley wetlands.
6 Reasons to NOT Export Coal
May 29, 2014 -
Exposed: the coal project that risks the Reef
May 29, 2014 -
CIA threatens Australian Coal Industry says Clive Palmer
May 21, 2014 -
Abbot Point Wetlands: why risk this beautiful place for coal?
May 21, 2014 -
Greenpeace action against coal
May 21, 2014 -
The Hidden cost of Coal
May 21, 2014 -
Greenpeace targets ANZ over coal links
May 21, 2014 -
Great Barrier Reef: Thrills and Spills
May 21, 2014 -
Indian coal giant Adani flouts Australian environment laws, risks endangered finch (Greenpeace Australia Pacific)